Symbols of Individual Expression

The most commonplace flag controversies in the 1990s involved school dress codes, and pitted students’ rights of free expression against schools’ duty to maintain a safe learning environment. Courts generally decided in favor of schools. At a middle school in suburban Richmond, Virginia, administrators allowed students to wear their respective “X” symbols after an assembly to discuss “the importance of tolerance and mutual understanding.”

Two X’s Depicted are two families who stood together with one son wearing a Malcolm X t-shirt and the other in a Confederate flag t-shirt, ca. 1995.Private Collection